These include Müller-Thurgau, Vernatsch, Lagrein, Sylvaner, Riesling (known in Italian as Riesling Renano), Gewürztraminer (known in Italian as Traminer Aromatico) Winemaking in Tyrol has a long tradition: the first evidences date back to the period before the Romans.
The South Tyrolean wine-growing area is highly influenced by the Mediterranean climate, which in the Adige valley (Überetsch-Unterland, Überetsch, Bozen, Terlan, Burggrafenamt) arrives up to Meran.
The wine production and sale developed thanks to the activity of the families of winemakers from the nineteenth century and thanks to the cooperatives since the twentieth century.
In the twentieth century there were several critical periods: first due to the phylloxera and then in the First Post-war with the breakdown of the traditional markets (Austria, Hungary, Bavaria) with the fascist repression, as well as during the Second Post-war.
Especially Augustus and Tiberius (nicknamed “Biberius”) appreciated Rhaetian wine.
Probably the earliest sources date back to before the Romans and to the wine produced by the Rhaetian.
In South Tyrol there are three indigenous varieties: Schiava, Gewürztraminer and Lagrein.
A similar wine growing region is Trentino wine in the south.
This is especially true for white wines in Italy, but also for the wine experts in the international markets.
The South Tyrolean Wine Museum in Kaltern offers an overview of the history and the traditional grape cultivation methods in South Tyrol.