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and the papal bull issued by Pope Innocent VIII, major witch hunts broke out in Europe.Moreover, these were aided by a new technology, the printing press, which helped to spread the mania, even across the Atlantic to America.This left twenty-five cardinals whose task it was to elect the next pope.Then followed provisions for the continuance of the crusade against the Turks, the reform of the Roman curia including it's head and members, the appointment of no cardinal under the age of 30 years for whatever reason, the advancement of not more than one relative of the reigning pontiff to the sacred college and the restriction of its membership to 24.No one was truly safe—rich or poor, male or female, lowly or prominent.

Giuliano della Rovere, Stefano Nardini, Pedro Gonsalvez de Mendoza, Giovanni Battista Cibo, Giovanni Arcimboldi, Philibert Hugonet, Giorgio da Costa, Charles de Bourbon l'Ancien, Pierre de Foix le Jeune, Girolamo Basso della Rovere, Gabriele Rangoni, Pietro Foscari, Giovanni d'Aragona, Raffaele Sansoni Riario, Domenico della Rovere, Paolo Fregoso, Giovanni Battista Savelli, Giovanni Colonna, Giovanni Conti, Juan Moles de Margarit, Giangiacomo Sclafenati, Giovanni Battista Orsini and Ascanio Maria Sforza-Visconti.The papal conclave of 1484 is described by high catholic authority as one of the saddest in papal history.Chief accounts of what went on come from diarist John Burchard, one of the officials present at that time, and historian Stefano Infessura who many believe was a 'bias papal rebel'., Rodrigo and Luis Borgia; and the cardinal-nephew of Pius II (1458/64), Francesco di Nanni Todeschini de' Piccolomini.At the start of the conclave seven cardinals were absent: Luis Juan del Mila y Borja was in retirement in Spain, Pedro Gonsalvez de Mendoza was acting as the first-minister of Ferdinand V and his wife Isabella in Spain; Pierre de Foix le Jeune and Charles de Bourbon l'Ancien were in France; as was Jean Balue acting as legate to Charles VIII.Paolo Fregoso was serving a term as doge of Genoa and Thomas Bourchier remained in England.

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